First, Alice walked the attendees through the legislative process for those areas that affect pharmaceutical manufacturers, explaining the differences between legislation, regulations, rules, and guidance, and also the actual contracts with the government and the preamble of rules. Sabrina emphasized the need for manufacturers to understand all of the “documents” that can affect their operations.
The panelists then discussed the questions that are most frequently being asked of them these days:
John S – bona fide service fees, and when a drug manufacturer should blend AMPs across an NDC-9;
John H – also bona fide service fees, free goods/PAP, especially in the context of a past purchase vs. a future purchase, and outcomes-based contracting;
Bill – same as the others with the comment that outcomes-based contracting is fast becoming a big issue, and the other area is ESI offers;
Alice – besides the issues previously mentioned, she also sees questions around limited distribution plans for the 340B program.
With regards to the Final Rule, what issues are most concerning to you, and what would cause you the most heartburn:John H – the proposed change to the definition of “bundled sales” with the possibility of it being applied retroactively, and the BP exclusions that currently allow any price to a 340B entity, but the proposed rule narrows to sales under the 340B contract.
Bill – agrees with John, especially with regards to bundled sales, and the lack of compliance by the Covered Entities in the 340B Program.
Alice – potential expansion beyond three years for restatement periods and when that might be allowed, Medicaid MCO reporting, and the potential for CMS to make rules based on the ease of implementation, not always the statutory standard.
John S – agreed with the list and added the issue of how specialty pharmacies are treated within the context of retail community pharmacies.
With regards to enforcement and settlements, the panel sees the following as “HOT TOPICS”:Bill – bona fide service fees remain a focal point as well as a shift from Best Price to AMP and ASP issues, and with regards to defending against potential investigations, the importance of documenting your methodology and assumptions.
John H - agrees with Bill and emphasized that the standard is reasonable, but the government has shifted to what you subjectively believed at the time of a submission. Documentation is the best way to demonstrate this, including advice of counsel.
Sabrina asked about how to submit assumptions and the panel agreed that it should be focused on those areas most critical to you, and when things change.
John S - ASP submissions should include reasonable assumptions.
Bill - submit early and often!
Alice - don’t assume, a prosecutor understands or interprets the statute/regulations like CMS, so make sure, you document your interpretations.
John H - US Attorney might look at how something impacts the government’s budget even if a pharmaceutical manufacturer does not consider this when making assumptions.
Sabrina - remember that being “conservative” in one program may not be conservative in another program and make sure, your internal documentation is solid.
If you were named general counsel of a major pharma tomorrow, what would you do to strengthen the GP area:Alice – make sure, the rest of the business understands what you do and the importance of their role in GP (regulatory with product master, rebate team with BP and tracking customers.)
John S – educate company executives to understand the issues GP folks deal with (size, way commercial programs impact GP, risks of failing to fulfill the requirements.)
John H – look at documentation (policies, SOPs, assumptions) to make sure, it is sufficient for a government audit.
Bill – would add the need to audit the system setup for GPcalcs.
What’s a good way to get the conversation started with senior executives within an organization:John S – focus on small pieces;
Alice – look at the gross-to-net impact of the programs to highlight this as a bigger piece of the business;
John H – has seen an increased focus by senior executives.
Questions form the audience were related to Texas price reporting, co-pay cards/programs, the new DOJ policy about filing criminal charges, and The First Amendment within the context of off-label promotion.
Final advice or comments from the attorneys: understand what it is others within your company do; the importance of making sure the GP team members feel valuable, especially for the women in this arena; we can be proud that we work in an industry that saves lives, and our job within these organizations is to make sure, our products are available to the most needy in a compliant manner.
As always, MDRP Summit has provided a vast amount of information and great opportunities for networking with others in the industry. If you would like more information on any of the topics that were covered this week, please contact me. As always, there’s a lot going on in the government programs, and I can help your organization figure out what is relevant, and how to ensure you’re ready for an audit! Katie Lapins, Government Pricing Specialists, LLC, 303.993.6456, K.Lapins@GP-Specialists.com.